Dogs are one of the greatest animal friend that human beings have. However we should not forget that they are still animals and possess some behaviors that are not to our liking. Mainly this is the key reason behind training your dog.
The aim of dog training is to modify the behavior of your dog, which can either be for it to assist in specific activities or undertake particular tasks or for it to participate effectively in contemporary domestic life. This is done through the use of the environmental events of antecedents and consequences
After you decide on some new skills you’d like to teach your dog, you’ll be ready to start training. To maximize her learning potential and make sure you both enjoy the training experience, keep the following basic tips in mind:
- Training should be done with a puppy. If you start out with a puppy, you have the opportunity to shape and mold its personality and develop that trusting relationship.
- Enroll your puppy in a basic or puppy obedience class at home. Your puppy should be 8-10 weeks old for this first class and only one person should give the commands.
- Training sessions should not spend more than twenty minutes. Lesser time for should be spent with even younger puppies. This is because their attention span is short; they get tired; your patience will be worn thin trying to train an over tired puppy. Training has to be upbeat and happy in order to get the maximum response from the dog.
- Play with your puppy. This will make it more active and even build a better relationship with you.
- The dog should be fed before training. Dogs respond to food as a reward after the training as well as before the training. If you tell a dog to sit and reward him with a treat, he will learn it, however, you will need to reinforce this many times. Dogs seem to remember and respond better to training after he has been given food. The training seems to sink in and stick more readily after food rather than before a treat.
There are a variety of established methods on how to train your dog that you can use. These include:
- Koehler method — it is based on Koehler explanation that a dog’s learned behavior is an act of choice based on its own learning experience. In such that when those choices are influenced by the expectation of reward, the behavior will most likely be repeated, and when those choices are influenced by the anticipation of punishment, they will most likely cease. Once the dog has learned that its choices result in comfort or discomfort it can be taught to make the correct decisions. The dog acts, remembers the consequences, and forms the desire to repeat or avoid those consequences.
- Motivational training —this employs the use of rewards to reinforce good behavior while ignoring all bad behavior. The dog’s boss appreciates the good behaviors of the dog by may be giving something or treating it in a special way but ignores those behaviors that he/she doesn’t like in the dog.
- Clicker training —the system uses conditioned reinforces which are able to be delivered more quickly and more precisely than primary rein forcers such as food. The basis of effective clicker training is precise timing to deliver the conditioned reinforce at the same moment as the desired behavior is offered.
- Electronic training — in this way of training electric shock is used as an aversive. Common forms are collars which can be triggered remotely, or that are triggered by barking, fencing that delivers a shock when a dog wearing a special collar crosses a buried wire, and mats that can be placed on furniture to deliver a shock.